Maria Osborne, University of California Berkeley
Despite substantial research on racial disparities in mortality, little is known about the mortality experiences of mixed-race and multiracial groups in the United States. In this paper, I use census data from the early 1900s, which included mulatto as a race category, linked to Social Security Administration death records to study the all-cause mortality of black, white, and mixed black/white men. I find that in the aggregate, all men of African descent, both mixed-race and single race, experience worse mortality than whites. Additionally, mulattos may have a mortality advantage over blacks. Within particular social groups, however, the mortality outcomes of mulattos often are not meaningfully distinct from other racial groups.
Presented in Session 41. The Intersection of Health and Race in the United States